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Autoimmune Disease: An Overview of Its Symptoms, Causes, and Available Treatments

Do you have an autoimmune disease? Are there steps that you have taken to live normally? Read on to know more about autoimmune diseases and ways of managing them.

What Autoimmune Disease Is?
When talking of autoimmune disease, we refer to a kind of condition where our bodies’ immune systems consider its own organs and tissues as enemy, hence it reacts against it. Here, the immune system produces antibodies which it uses in attacking its own healthy tissues and cells. Most often, the attack is directed in one area of the body like pancreas or thyroid glands but there are also cases where it spreads on the entire body. Though, no cure is uncovered to treat this particular disease, there are ways on how patients can manage it so they can live and can enjoy normal lives.

Research shows that autoimmune disease affects more than 50,000 men and women in the United States alone and the majority of the patients are women. Researchers also discovered that there are around 100 kinds of autoimmune diseases and these include rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, type 1 diabetes, endometriosis, lupus, ulcerative colitis, and many more.

What Are Its Symptoms?
There are myriad symptoms of autoimmune disease and these include dry eyes, heart palpitations, muscle, and joint pains, sleeping disorders, fatigue, muscle weakness, low fever, slow recovery of infections, recurring miscarriages, brain fog, memory and concentration problems, and many more.

What Are the Available Treatment Options?
Yes, there is still no cure discovered to treat autoimmune disease but patients can still have ways to live normal and fuller lives by following certain steps to manage this particular illness.

How to Effectively Manage Autoimmune Disease?
Patients are advised to partner with trusted doctors. Only your doctors know of ways of managing this disease. When you partner with doctors, they can monitor your conditions, can give you prescribed drugs to manage the disease, and can provide sound advice on how you can live normally.

Make sure to eat a healthy and balanced diet. Nutrition is a vital element in managing autoimmune conditions. Once patients eat healthy and nutritious meals, they can strengthen their immune systems and their functions. They are advised to eat fruits, veggies, fish, lean meats, and low-fat dairy products. Patients should remember that autoimmune disease can worsen due to mineral and vitamin deficiencies, thus they should eat healthy foods always and take vitamin supplements recommended by their doctors.

They should also exercise regularly to improve their immune system and to manage their weight. Before choosing any type of exercise, patients should confer with their doctors first. At present, there are light exercises that they can practice like walking, yoga, and Pilates.

They should learn to practice relaxation techniques. Managing the autoimmune disease is challenging and stressful, thus it causes anger, depression, irritability, and frustration to lots of patients. To overcome these feelings and challenges, they should learn certain relaxation techniques like Pranayam, yoga, and meditation.

It is also vital for patients to obtain social support from their friends, relatives, co-workers, and family members. The support they give will help patients overcome stress as well as the psychological issues associated with the disease. They can also participate in various social support organizations and online forums together with other patients. Here, they can discuss and share the issues they encountered, their loneliness, and tips on how to alleviate the feelings of self-pity, loneliness, and isolation.

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